|Adolf Hitler &
|Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945) was Chancellor of Germany from 1933,
and Führer (Leader) of Germany from 1934, until his death. He was leader of the
National Socialist German Workers Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche
Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP), better known as the Nazi Party.
Hitler gained power in a Germany facing crisis after World War I, using charismatic
oratory and propaganda, appealing to economic need, nationalism and anti-
Semitism to establish an authoritarian regime. With a restructured economy and
rearmed military, Hitler pursued an aggressive foreign policy with the intention of
expanding German Lebensraum ("living space") and triggered World War II in
Europe by invading Poland. At the height of their power, Germany and the Axis
Powers occupied most of Europe, parts of Asia and Africa, but were eventually
defeated by the Allies. By then, Hitler's racial policies had culminated in the genocide
of 11 million people, including about six million Jews, in what is now known as the
In the final days of the war, Hitler committed suicide in his underground bunker in
Berlin with his newlywed wife, Eva Braun.